Flora of the Valley of Flowers National Park

It is an alpine valley, and has been formed the retreating glaciers whose periodic advances and retreat pulverised hard rocks, resulting in smooth conical shaped valley which was later colonized by numerous plants adopting themselves to the harsh climatic conditions prevailing there.The bloom starts immediately after the melting of snow but the peak blooming period is from mid July to mid August. Almost 300 species of wild flowers bloom here in natural way. The valley remains in bloom for three months while the floral composition keeps on changing every few days. By the September the hue starts changing and autumn bids farewell to flowers and the entire vegetation remains dormant for about next five months when the valley is snowbound.
During September and October the valley is in a crystal clean atmosphere, the mountain ranges shining like polished steel in the sunlight, rain washed rocks with gurgling streams and sun kissed meadows about to be covered soon with a spotless white sheet of snow.

Some of the most common flora of this valley are follow:


Brahma Kamal : Saussuria obvallata
Fen Kamal : Saussuria simsoniana
Bajradanti : Potentilla fulglnes
Hathajari of Salam Punja : Dactylorhiza hatagirea
Kutki : Picrohiza Kurroog
Barmula : Megacarpea polyaudra
Atis : Aconitum Hetriphyllum
Jatamosi or Masi : Nardostachyus grandigoja
Tagor : Pleurospenum sp.
Bansafa : Viola biflora
Meen : Areseama sp.
Bankakri : Podophyllum hexandrum
Dolu : Rhevum austral
Faran : Alliem humile
Choru : Angilica gluca
Silphoda : Bergenia strenchji
Himalayan blue Poppy : Macanopsis sp.
Marsh Merry gold : Macanopsis sp.
Arum : Arisaema castatum.

some of the other species are:

Anemone sp, Geranium wallichianium, Primula sp, Delphinium sp, Ranunculs sp, Lillium oxypetals, Corrydalis sp, campanula sp, Pedicularis sp, Morina longilolia, Anaphalis triplinerris, Anaphalis controla, Saxofrages sp, Trollius sp, Codonopsis sp, Cypridium sp, Indula sp, Aster sp, Fritillaries sp, Nomacharis sp, Forget me nots, Triesm Aurosace sp, Larkspursm, Polygonum sp, Herbacious species.Hacklea uncianata, Senecia sp, Clematis sp, Thalictrum sp, Angilica archangelica, Selenum vegenation. On the out skirt of the valley are found a number of trees and shrubs, they are as follow:.

Thuner : Texus baccata
Raga : Abies pindrone
Bhojpatra : Betula utilis
Kanchula : Acercaesium and A.acuminatum
Spruce : Picea smithiana
Kail : Picea wallichian
Ghinau : Viburnum sp.
Burans/th> : Rhododdendron campanulatum (whitish flower) : R. anthopgosis (pinkish flower) : R. lephidotum (creamish flower)
Banjh : Quercus ssp.

Within the valley at a height of 4000 m are found patches of birch trees and rhododendron species. The abundance of Asmunda fern in this valley is a rare sight than in other Himalayan valleys.Most of the flora having medicinal properties and rest are ornamental.